Policies and Regulations NEPN Code: GBGA-R


Staff Health – Communicable Disease Control
To provide a healthy environment for both students and employees, the following shall be observed:

Exposure Control

  1. Universal Precautions - Universal precautions shall be observed by all school employees. This means all human blood and other potentially infectious materials shall be treated as if known to be infectious, regardless of the perceived status of the source individual.
  2. Hand Washing - Readily accessible hand washing facilities with soap, warm water and paper towels shall be located in each school building in rest rooms and designated health care areas. Each employee assigned student oversight duties where hand washing facilities are not accessible shall be provided with antiseptic hand cleansers. Routine hand washing shall be practiced whenever exposed to contaminated materials and after glove removal.
  3. Containers for Sharps - All contaminated sharps (including needles and syringe, lancets, etc.) used shall be discarded as soon as feasible in puncture resistant, leak proof containers which are labeled with the biohazard warning, color coded red and sealed prior to disposal. Filled containers shall be delivered, by staff, to the District Health Service Office for disposal.
  4. Contaminated Supplies - Contaminated supplies shall be placed in plastic lined containers, closed, and disposed of in the daily trash in a larger plastic bag of sufficient strength to preclude bursting and tearing during handling, storage or transport.
  5. Work Area Restrictions - In areas where there is reasonable likelihood of exposure to blood or other potentially infectious materials, employees shall not eat, drink, apply cosmetics or lip balm, or handle contact lenses. Food and beverages may not be kept in the same refrigerators, freezers, shelves, cabinets or on counter tops where blood or other potentially infectious materials are present.
  6. Specimens - Specimens of blood or other potentially infectious materials shall be placed in a container which prevents leakage during the collection, handling, processing, storage and transport. Specimens taken for health evaluation or monitoring purposes shall be labeled and disposed of as soon as possible.
  7. Contaminated Equipment and Areas - Cleaning with an EPA approved disinfectant product shall be done on a regular basis. All work surfaces shall be decontaminated with an EPA approved disinfectant cleaner, after completion of procedure(s) and as soon as feasible following the occurrence of any blood or other potentially infectious material spill.
  8. Personal Protective Equipment - Protective equipment may include gloves, masks, mouthpieces, resuscitation bags and/or disposable one-way ventilation devices. Appropriate equipment shall be selected and purchased with District funds in quantity sufficient to supply anticipated need. The building administrator shall be responsible to ensure that protection equipment is appropriately supplied and used.
  9. Laundry Procedures - All school laundry shall be considered as if contaminated with blood or other potentially infectious materials and shall be handled as little as possible, using universal precautions.
    Student's personal clothing items replaced because they are soiled with urine, feces, vomit, etc., shall be handled using universal precautions. Soiled clothing shall be bagged and sent home with the student for home care or laundered at school using laundry procedures.
  10. Employee Training - Information regarding this policy and regulation shall be provided to all school employees at the time of initial employment and annually thereafter.
Hepatitis B Vaccine and Post-Exposure Procedure
Employees in casual contact with Hepatitis B carriers in settings such as schools are at minimal risk, and vaccine is not routinely recommended for them. The District shall offer the Hepatitis B vaccine series at no cost to those designated employees who are considered to have occupational exposure.
  1. Hepatitis B Vaccine - The following job classifications may have increased risk for occupational exposure, and qualify for Hepatitis B vaccine series:
    • School health nurses
    • Secretaries who are assigned first aid duties
    • Special education teachers in self-contained classrooms of the developmentally disabled
    • Education assistants working with the developmentally disabled
    • Trainers in athletics
    • Designated coaches for first aid response
    • Custodians who are responsible for cleaning or disposing of blood or contaminated waste
    • Other employees who are authorized by special situations and/or exposure
      Employees have the option to complete or refuse the Hepatitis B vaccine series. Records shall be maintained by the Health Services Office.
  2. Post Exposure - "Exposure incident" is defined as "specific eye, mouth, other mucous membrane, non-intact skin, or parenteral contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials that results from the performance of an employee's duties."
    An employee exposure incident shall be reported to the school principal or his/her designee as soon as possible. The incident shall be referred to the Human Resources - Worker's Compensation Office immediately. Follow up medical testing and care will be made available to employee through Worker’s Compensation.
Communicable Disease Reporting
A staff member who knowingly has contracted a communicable disease that may likely be transmitted in the school setting shall notify the building principal immediately. The building principal shall report the disease to Health Services.
Exclusion Due to Illness
A staff member who has contracted a medically-diagnosed communicable disease may be excluded from school. Any decision to exclude a staff member from the work place shall be made by Health Services, in accordance with recommendations made by the SD Department of Health. The decision shall be made on the basis that the staff member's attendance poses significant risk to the staff member, other staff members or students.


Regulation   Board Action (formerly 4136)
Adopted: 06-09-86 22820  
Amended: 01-11-88 23848  
Amended: 09-27-93 27432.3f  
Revised: 07-22-96 28559  
Revised: 02-28-05 34044  
Revised: 11-23-09 35553  
Reviewed: 12-09-13 36799  
Revised 01-14-19 38210