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Mathematics
Reading & Language Arts
Science
Social Studies

The Mathematics Curriculum is an integrated study of algebra, geometry, measurement, number sense, and statistics and probability. The goal of the curriculum is to help all students demonstrate conceptual understanding and procedural fluency by reasoning, communicating and applying mathematics.

The foundation of the District Mathematics curriculum is the Common Core Standards, with supplemental District level standards. These standards define for all students the minimum level of what they are expected to know in the mathematics content area and the skills needed to apply the content in their personal and professional life experiences.

As a general outcome, it is the desire of the District that each student will have an appreciation of mathematics and will engage in creative problem solving and thoughtful decision making based on the skills acquired in the math curriculum.

Listed below are the goals and indicators, also identified as the major math strands that are found in every grade level math curriculum K – 12.

Algebra Standards

Goal 1: Students will use the language of algebra to explore, describe, represent, and analyze number expressions and relations that represent variable quantities. 

Indicator 1: Use procedures to transform algebraic expressions.
Indicator 2: Use a variety of algebraic concepts and methods to solve equations and inequalities.
Indicator 3: Interpret and develop mathematical models.
Indicator 4: Describe and use properties and behaviors of relations, functions and inverses.

Geometry Standards

Goal 2: Students will use the language of geometry to discover, analyze, and communicate geometric concepts, properties, and relationships. 

Indicator 1: Use deductive and inductive reasoning to recognize and apply properties of geometric figures.
Indicator 2: Use properties of geometric figures to solve problems from a variety of perspectives.

Measurement Standards

Goal 3: Students will apply systems of measurement and use appropriate measurement tools to describe and analyze the world around them. 

Indicator 1: Apply measurement concepts in practical applications.

Number Sense Standards

Goal 4: Students will develop and use number sense to investigate the characteristics of numbers in a variety of forms and modes of operation.

Indicator 1: Analyze the structural characteristics of the real number system and its various subsystems. Analyze the concept of value, magnitude, and relative magnitude of real numbers.
Indicator 2: Apply number operations with real numbers and other number systems.
Indicator 3: Develop conjectures, predictions, or estimations to solve problems and verify or justify the results.

Statistics & Probability Standards

Goal 5: Students will apply statistical methods to analyze data and explore probability for making decisions and predictions. 

Indicator 1: Use statistical models to gather, analyze, and display data to draw conclusions.
Indicator 2: Apply the concepts of probability to predict events/outcomes and solve problems.

The Reading/Language Arts Curriculum is an integrated study of communication skills including reading, writing, listening, speaking and viewing. The goal of the curriculum is to help all students to communicate effectively, both orally and in writing, and to use language proficiently for a variety of purposes and audiences.

The foundation of the District Reading/Language Arts curriculum is the South Dakota Reading/Language Arts Standards, with supplemental District level standards. These standards define for all students the minimum level of what they are expected to know in the language arts content area and the skills needed to apply the content in their personal and professional life experiences.

As a general outcome, it is the desire of the District that each student will have an appreciation of literacy, will enjoy reading and writing for a lifetime, and will engage in creative problem solving and thoughtful decision making based on the skills acquired to read, write, listen, speak, and view effectively.

Listed below are the Indicators, or major common threads in the Reading/Language Arts Curriculum that represent expected outcomes for all students in grades K-12.

Reading

Indicator 1: Students can recognize and analyze words.
Indicator 2: Students can comprehend and fluently read text.
Indicator 3: Students can apply knowledge of text structures, literary devices, and literary elements to develop interpretations and form responses.
Indicator 4: Students can interpret and respond to diverse, multicultural, and time period texts.
Indicator 5: Students can access, analyze, synthesize, and evaluate informational texts.

Writing

Indicator 1: Students can apply the writing process to compose text.
Indicator 2: Students can apply Standard English conventions in their writing.

Listening and Viewing

Indicator 1: Students can listen, view, and speak to communicate, retrieve, interpret, and evaluate information.

Standards are written for each Indicator for each Grade Level. All students are expected to know the content and perform the skills identified in each standard. The standards are the targets all students need to meet at the proficient level by the end of each grade level.

 

The Science Curriculum is a study of the natural world, its physical features, life, and environment. A goal of the curriculum is to help all students to engage in scientific inquiry, to explore the concepts of matter and energy, to study living things and their interactions with the environment, to study the earth and universe, and to apply the knowledge of science for the benefit of society.

The foundation of the District Science curriculum is the South Dakota Science Standards, with supplemental District level standards. These standards define for all students the minimum level of what they are expected to know in the science content area and the skills needed to apply the content in their personal and professional life experiences.

As a general outcome, it is the desire of the District that each student will have an appreciation of science, will seek questions and entertain possible solutions, will engage in observation and investigation, will apply the scientific method in their daily living, and will use science for the benefit of humanity.

Listed below are the Indicators, or major common threads in the Language Arts Curriculum that represent expected outcomes for all students in grades K-12.

K-12 GOALS AND INDICATORS

Nature Of Science Standards

Goal 1: Students will explore, evaluate, and communicate personal and scientific investigations to understand the nature of science.

Indicator 1: Understand the nature and origin of scientific knowledge.
Indicator 2: Apply the skills necessary to conduct scientific investigations.

Physical Science Standards

Goal 2: Students will use appropriate scientific models to describe and quantify the nature and interactions of matter and energy.

Indicator 1: Describe structures and properties of, and changes in, matter.
Indicator 2: Analyze forces, their forms, and their effects on motions.
Indicator 3: Analyze interactions of energy and matter.

Life Science Standards

Goal 3: Students will describe structures and attributes of living things, processes of life, and interaction with each other and the environment.

Indicator 1: Understand the fundamental structures, functions, classifications, and mechanisms found in living things.
Indicator 2: Analyze various patterns and products of natural and induced biological change.
Indicator 3: Analyze how organisms are linked to one another and the environment.

Earth/Space Science Standards

Goal 4: Students will analyze the composition, formative processes, and history of the universe, solar system, and Earth.

Indicator 1: Analyze the various structures and processes of the Earth system.
Indicator 2: Analyze essential principles and ideas about the composition and structure of the universe.

Science, Technology, Environment, And Society Standards

Goal 5: Students will identify and evaluate the relationships and ethical implications of science upon technology, environment, and society.

Indicator 1: Analyze various implications/effects of scientific advancement within the environment and society.
Indicator 2: Analyze the relationships/interactions among science, technology, environment, and society.

The Social Studies Curriculum is a study of history, geography, economics, government, and political and social systems. The goal of the curriculum is to help all students understand the past and the implications for the future, to know the places of the world and its people, to realize the importance of citizenship and civic responsibility, and to understand the interactions of economic systems.

The foundation of the District Social Studies curriculum is the South Dakota Social Studies Standards, with supplemental District level standards. These standards define for all students the minimum level of what they are expected to know in the social studies content area and the skills needed to apply the content in their personal and professional life experiences.

K-12 GOALS AND INDICATORS

U.S. History

Goal 1 – Students will understand the emergence and development of civilizations and cultures within the United States over time and place.

Indicator 1: Analyze U.S. historical eras to determine connections and cause/effect relationships in reference to chronology.
Indicator 2: Evaluate the influence/impact of various cultures, values, philosophies, and religions on the development of the U.S.

World History

Goal 2 – Students will understand the emergence and development of world civilizations and cultures over time and place.

Indicator 1: Analyze historical eras of world history to determine connections and cause/effect relationships in reference to chronology.
Indicator 2: Evaluate the interaction of world cultures and civilizations, philosophies, and religions.

Geography

Goal 3 – Students will understand the interrelationships of people, places, and the environment.

Indicator 1: Analyze information from geographic representation, tools, and technology to define location, place, and region.

Civics (Government)

Goal 4 – Students will understand the historical development and contemporary role of governmental power and authority.

Indicator 1: Analyze forms and purposes of government in relationship to the needs of citizens and societies including the impact of historical events, ideals, and documents.
Indicator 2: Analyze the constitutional rights and responsibilities of United States citizens.

Economics

Goal 5 – Students will understand the impact of economics on the development of societies and on current and emerging national and international situations.

Indicator 1: Analyze the role and relationships of economic systems on the development, utilization, and availability of resources in societies.