Biology (V07) - Semester Two
Instruction and Assessment Connection for South Dakota Science Standards
Earth and Space Science (ESS)
Learning Standard Test Questions
HS-ESS1-5 Evaluate evidence of past and current movements of continental and oceanic crust and the theory of plate tectonics to explain the ages of crustal rocks. 31, 32, 33, 34, 35
HS-ESS1-6 Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth's formation and early history. 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42
Life Science (LS)
Core Idea 1: From Molecules to Organisms:
Structures and Processes
Learning Standard Test Questions
HS-LS1-1 Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the structure of DNA determines the structure of proteins which carry out the essential functions of life through systems of specialized cells. 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30
Core Idea 3: Heredity
Inheritance and Variation of Traits
Learning Standard Test Questions
HS-LS3-1 Ask questions to clarify relationships about the role of DNA and chromosomes in coding the instructions for characteristic traits passed from parents to offspring. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
HS-LS3-2 Make and defend a claim based on evidence that inheritable genetic variations may result from: (1) new genetic combinations through meiosis, (2) viable errors occurring during replication, and/or (3) mutations caused by environmental factors. 7, 8, 9, 10, 11
HS-LS3-3 Apply concepts of statistics and probability to explain the variation and distribution of expressed traits in a population. 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Core Idea 4: Biological Unity and Diversity
Learning Standard Test Questions
HS-LS4-1 Communicate scientific information that common ancestry and biological evolution are supported by multiple lines of empirical evidence. 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50
HS-LS4-2 Construct an explanation based on evidence that the process of evolution primarily results from four factors: (1) the potential for a species to increase in number, (2) the heritable genetic variation of individuals in a species due to mutation and sexual reproduction, (3) competition for limited resources, and (4) the proliferation of those organisms that are better able to survive and reproduce in the environment. 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56
HS-LS4-3 Apply concepts of statistics and probability to support explanations that organisms with an advantageous heritable trait tend to increase in proportion to organisms lacking this trait. 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62
HS-LS4-4 Construct an explanation based on evidence for how natural selection leads to adaptation of populations. 63, 64, 65, 66, 67
HS-LS4-5 Evaluate the evidence supporting claims that changes in environmental conditions may result in: (1) increases in the number of individuals of some species, (2) the emergence of new species over time, and (3) the extinction of other species. 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73

Total: 73 points
Performance Task: 8 points
Overall: 81 points